International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies

Volume 1, Issue 2

Studies on the Seasonal Prevalence of Parasitic Helminths in Gavran (Desi) Chickens from Marathwada Region of Maharashtra.

Author(s): Naphade S.T.1*, Chaudhari K.V.1
1. Department of Zoology, YeshwantraoChavan College of Arts, Commerce and Science, Sillod, Dist: Aurangabad (M.S.) India.

Abstract: The present study deals with the seasonal prevalence of parasitic helminths in gavran (desi) chickens from Marathwada region. The survey was conducted during, annual cycle June 2012 to May 2013 from different sampling station to estimate the seasonal prevalence of parasitic helminths. For this study 345 gavran chickens were randomly selected. A simple salt floatation method was employed for examination of parasitic helminths. The overall prevalence found 290 (84.05%) during the annual cycle. The seasonal prevalence percentage of parasitic helminths was highest during summer (93.09%), followed by rainy (85.27%) and lowest during winter (74.18%). There was considerable difference found in the seasonal prevalence. The present study is concentrated only on the prevalence of cestode (Raillietina) and nematode (Ascaridia). The average helminth parasite found in the chickens were cestode 90 (26.13%), nematode 138 (40.00%) while 62 (17.97%) mixed infestations. It was found that the percentage of seasonal prevalence of cestode (Summer: 29.31%, Rainy: 26.6%, Winter: 22.5%), nematode (Summer: 43.96%, Rainy: 41.28%, Winter: 35.00%) and mixed infection (Summer: 19.82%, Rainy: 17.43%, Winter: 16.66%). The major helminths parasites was found in the chickens include Raillietina spp. (23.71%) and Ascaridia spp. (36.24%). The results of the parasitic helminth are discussed in relation to seasonal variation and found highest during summer followed by rainy and lowest during winter season.

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