International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies

Volume 1, Issue 6

Human-Elephant conflict by Inter-State migratory elephants (Elephas maximus) in Baripada & Balsore, Odisha, India.

Author(s): Sandeep Ranjan Mishra and Anup Ku Nayak

Abstract: Interstate migration of elephants occurs from Jharkhand &West Bengal to Baripada & Balsore Division of Odisha from last five years. During the study period (2010-13) the largest herd was 115 elephants observed in the year 2012 and smallest herd was 65 elephants observed in the year 2010. Regarding sex concern highest number of Tuskers observed in the year 2012 (30) while highest number of female elephants observed in the year 2013 (58). Highest number of juveniles and calves were observed in the year 2010. Phuljhari, Dalki, Nadapur, Asanabni are the major forest areas cover by the migratory elephants in Baripada Division. Gopalpur and Tinikosia are the major forest areas covered by same migratory elephants in Balasore Division.
During the study period, total 1026.09 acres of crop damage, 81 house damage, 1 human injury and 5 human deaths occurred in Baripada Division whereas total 1204.32 acre of crop damage, 456 house damage and 3 human deaths occurred in Balasore Division due to the migratory elephants.

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