Md. Farid Uz Zaman, Md. Abdus Samad, Md. Ariful Islam, Md. Hasan-Uj-Jaman, Shoumo Khondoker and Abdulla-Al-Asif
The present study focused on existing status and assessment of sustainability of Pangasius (Pangasius hypophthalmus
) farming at Jhikargacha upazila in Jessore district. The research was carried out through questionnaire interview with randomly selected 80 farmers during December 2014 to May 2015. Most of farms (96%) are under polyculture, while only 4% is under monoculture practice. The source of pangasiid fingerlings were fry traders, nearby nursery, local hatchery and large hatchery from Jessore. Fingerlings size varied from 1 to 2 inch with price of TK. 0.5-1/fingerling. Majority of the farmers stocked fingerlings in March to April with average stocking density was 18,700 fingerlings/ha. About 46% of Pangasius farmers have leased ponds and lease value varied from Tk. 1,12,200-1,49,600/ha/yr. The leased ponds were solely used for Pangasius farming. Over 19% of farmers exchanged water one time per year, while 81% never exchanged. Almost all of the Pangasius farmers used supplementary feeds in their farms. Among the farmers, 37% of farmers received general aquaculture training from Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute (BFRI) and Department of Fisheries (DoF) and some non-government organizations (NGOâ€™s). Average pond size was 0.17 ha of which 85% was perennial and 15% was seasonal. Various constraints such as, lack of capital and proper technological knowledge, lack of continuous supply of quality fry, high price of the inputs especially feed, adulteration of feed, inbreeding, improper marketing and management problems were prominent. Some farmers use some unethical feeds in their farms. The highest proportion (41%) of the people was involved in Pangasius farming as main occupation and their age was between 31-40 years. The main reason of converting their ponds and lands for Pangasius farmimg was to get more profit. Large farmers always got higher profit over 2.03 Lac Tk./ha. However, small and medium farmers also got over 1.9 lac Tk. profit per hectare from Pangasius farming. Though the potential of fish farming in Jhikargacha region is mentioned-worthy, it is currently facing a number of problems such as, lack of capital, proper technological knowledge, lack of regular supply of quality fingerlings, improper proportion of protein and supply of adulterate feed, high price of feed, inbreeding, marketing and management problems. If the suggested constraints could be solved, the fish production in Jhikargacha region would possibly be increased tremendously and the pangasius farming would be progressed towards sustainability.
Md. Farid Uz Zaman, Md. Abdus Samad, Md. Ariful Islam, Md. Hasan-Uj-Jaman, Shoumo Khondoker and Abdulla-Al-Asif. Assessment of sustainability of Pangasius (Pangasius hypophthalmus) farming at Jhikargachha upazila in Jessore district, Bangladesh. Int. J. Fauna Biol. Stud. 2017;4(5):109-119.