e-ISSN : 2347-2677, p-ISSN : 2394-0522
Biodiversity is the total genetic pool, all organisms available in all ecosystem, plants, animals and microbes which play an integral part in Man’s survival, sustenance and wellbeing on this earth. Aquatic biodiversity encompasses freshwater ecosystems, including lakes, ponds, reservoirs, rivers, streams, groundwater, and wetlands. It also consists of marine ecosystems, including oceans, estuaries, salt marshes, sea grass beds, coral reefs, kelp beds, and mangrove forest. Species losses and range shifts because of climate change, harvesting, and other human activities are altering aquatic biodiversity locally and globally.
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