e-ISSN : 2347-2677, p-ISSN : 2394-0522
Dadala Venkateswara Rao, Kamlesh Borana and Predeep Shrivastava
Inland saline shrimp farming has been growing rapidly due to increase of higher profits than traditional agriculture or fishery in the inland saline water areas and it has been playing important roles on the socio-economic development in Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Maharashtra. Increasing demand for aquaculture has led to the development of new production systems. Inland saline water shrimp farming, defined here as land-based aquaculture using saline groundwater, occurs in several countries including Israel, the USA, India and Australia. Characteristics of saline-affected land are described, with particular focus on Australia and India. Saline groundwater can differ in chemistry compared with coastal seawater and adjusting the chemistry or choosing species that are tolerant to the differences is one of the major challenges for expansion of inland saline ecosystem. The chemistry of different sources of water is described and common methods of adjusting the chemistry described. The Pacific whiteleg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) is the leading farmed shrimp globally, representing one of the most common aquaculture species. It is widely favoured due to its superior flesh quality, delicious taste and nutritional properties, as well as its ease of cooking. L. vannamei is an adaptable to a wide range of salinities shrimp species suitable for high-density cultivation in diverse salinities. Inland saline shrimp farming is needed to increase aquaculture production and meet increasing demands for seafood and help to encourage the farmers to get involved in L vannamei farming and socio-economic status of the people.
Pages: 68-72 | 1 Views Downloads