2019, Vol. 6 Issue 2, Part A
A study was made on Red blood cell (RBC) indices and serum electrolyte profiles of 127 sheep that shows clinical manifestation of diarrhea and non-diarrheic, between December 2006 and June 2007, in and around Bishoftu/Debre Zeit area.
The mean values of red blood cell (RBC) count, Haemoglobin (Hb) concentration, packed cell volume (PCV) and egg per gram of feaces (epg) for non-diarrheic sheep were 10.6± 0.21 million μL-1, 10.5± 0.25 gdL-1, 36.7± 13.53% and 69.8± 13.53, respectively. The average mean corpuscular volume (MCV), Mean corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH), Mean corpuscular Hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) were 34.5± 0.63 fl, 10.0± 0.27 pg, 28.8 ± 0.58 g dL-1, respectively. The mean serum electrolyte values showed 141.5 ± 0.64 mmol L-1, 4.7± 0.12 mmo1 L-1 and 110.7± 0.56 mmol L-1 for sodium (Na+), Potassium (K+) and chloride (Cl-), respectively.
The mean values of RBC count, Hb concentration, PCV and epg of diarrheic sheep were 9.5±0.18 million μL-1, 9.6±0.16 gdL-1, 33.1±0.57% and 923.8±77.59, respectively. The mean MCV, MCH, and MCHC were 35.3±0.6 fl, 10.2± 0.16 pg and 29.3± 0.48 gdL-, respectively. The average electrolyte values (Na+, K+, Cl-) were 132.4 ± 0.41 mmol L–1, 4.6 ± mmol L-1 and, 105.8± 0.48 mmol L–1 respectively. Diarrheic sheep show significantly (P<0.05) higher mean value of epg, whereas, non-diarrheic sheep show significantly (P<0.05) higher mean values of RBC count, Hb concentration and PCV value than non-diarrheic sheep. Generally, it could be seen that the RBC indices and serum electrolyte profile of diarrheic sheep observed in this study is lower than that of diarrheic sheep. In interpretation of these results the effect of breed, sex, age, nutrition, physiological state, presence of other disease condition with or without diarrhea must be considered besides clinical manifestation of diarrhea. Further study for our indigenous breeds with different clinical manifestation recommended.