2019, Vol. 6 Issue 4, Part A
Major fish-borne bacterial and parasitic zoonoses in Ethiopia: A review
Author(s): Mekonnen Sorsa, Gezahegne Mamo and Lemma Abera
Abstract: Fish is a food of excellent nutritional value, providing high quality protein and wide variety of vitamins and minerals. It has valuable contribution to an economy and food security. However, there are safety concerns related to presence of bacterial and parasitic hazards in fish. The objective of this paper is therefore, to review major fish-borne zoonotic bacteria and parasites in Ethiopia. Accordingly, pathogenic and zoonotic bacteria such as Edwardissiella, Salmonella, Escherichia, Staphylococcus, Vibrio and Aeromonas have been recorded in fish. Several fish-borne zoonotic parasites were also reported in fish in the country. The most common zoonotic nematodes encountered in fish include Contracaecum, Eustrongylide, and Capillaria. Clinostomum was fish-borne zoonotic trematode frequently found in fish. Among fish-borne zoonotic cestodes, Ligula intestinalis has been reported. Even though several zoonotic bacteria and parasites of fish have been prevalent in the country, there was no data on investigation of zoonotic links in humans. The potential risk factors for the transmission of fish-borne zoonoses for human are consumption of raw or undercooked infected fish, contact with contaminated water or infected fish. Therefore, there is a need for detail epidemiological surveillance of zoonotic bacteria and parasites in fish and its public health significances.
Pages: 50-58 | 452 Views 22 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Mekonnen Sorsa, Gezahegne Mamo, Lemma Abera. Major fish-borne bacterial and parasitic zoonoses in Ethiopia: A review. Int J Fauna Biol Stud 2019;6(4):50-58.